Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Arabidopsis lyrata
ARF Family
Species TF ID Description
319704ARF family protein
335174ARF family protein
336503ARF family protein
349241ARF family protein
472210ARF family protein
473256ARF family protein
473654ARF family protein
475338ARF family protein
481671ARF family protein
488981ARF family protein
493698ARF family protein
496192ARF family protein
858253ARF family protein
881733ARF family protein
881982ARF family protein
895674ARF family protein
902476ARF family protein
904120ARF family protein
913475ARF family protein
919450ARF family protein
ARF Family Introduction

Auxin response factors (ARF) are transcription factors that regulate the expression of auxin response genes. ARFs bind with specificity to TGTCTC auxin response elements (AuxRE) in promoters of these genes and function in combination with Aux/IAA (auxin/indole acetic acid) repressors, which dimerize with ARF activators in an auxin-regulated manner.

Most ARFs consist of an amino-terminal DNA-binding domain (DBD), a middle region that functions as an activation domain (AD) or repression domain (RD), and a carboxy-terminal dimerization domain (CTD). The ARF DBD is classified as a plant-specific B3-type, but requires additional amino-terminal and carboxy-terminal amino acids for efficient in vitro binding to TGTCTC AuxREs.

The ARF ADs and RDs are located just carboxy-terminal to the DBDs and contain biased amino acid sequences. ARF ADs are enriched in glutamine along with serine and leucine residues, while ARF RDs are enriched in serine, proline, leucine and glycine residues.

Guilfoyle TJ, Hagen G.
Auxin response factors.
Curr Opin Plant Biol, 2007. 10(5): p. 453-60.
PMID: 17900969